Oscar is a device used to control the movement of industrial machinery when in need of measuring the movement on the basis of the rotation angle and/or of the number of shaft revolutions. Oscar is made up by a gearmotor which transfers the movement to the cams and to the other movement detection devices placed inside it through a primary input reduction step (worm gear and helical toothed gear) and one or more secondary output steps (pairs of straight toothed gears).
Oscar is used on wind turbines to control the position of the nacelle or the pitch angle of the blades. The motor that controls the rotation of a wind turbine on the yaw axis (or of the blade around its longitudinal axis) transfers the movement to the limit switch. A rotary encoder reads the rotation of the shaft, and its pulses are sent to a PLC which controls the position of the nacelle or of the blade. The movement of the shaft is also transferred, through a gearmotor, to a series of cam switches: the appropriate setting of the actuating point of the cams can signal up to four critical positions of the movement of the nacelle or of the blade.
Revolution ratios, ranging from 1:1 to 1:1550, result from the combination of different secondary output steps. Each output of the limit switch can be set with a different revolution ratio to allow for a diversified control of the machinery to meet special requirements.
Each cam can be set with great accuracy thanks to the cam adjusting screws. The auxiliary switches are of a positive opening type, thus suitable for safety functions.